is a general term that refers to abnormal levels of lipids
, a broad category of compounds that encompass everything from vitamins to cholesterol
, in the body. The most common types of dyslipidemia are high cholesterol (called hypercholesterolemia
or "hyperlipoproteinemia") and high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia
When high cholesterol and triglycerides occur together, the condition is called "combined hyperlipidemia". Low levels of cholesterol may also occur (called "hypocholesterolemia" or "hypolipoproteinemia"), usually for genetic reasons. Treatment for dyslipidemia depends on the condition, but can usually include maintaining a healthy diet, moderate exercise and taking medications.
LifeWire, a part of The New York Times Company, provides original and syndicated online lifestyle content. Kristie Reilly is a writer and editor in Boston.